Europe could do more to protect its interests in Libya. Three years after the revolution, the transition is lagging behind with deadlines for key steps including elections, a new constitution and national dialogue looming and unlikely to be met.
Analysis by ECFR’s Middle East and North Africa Policy Fellow, Mattia Toaldo, notes Libya’s transition has stalled amid widespread apathy for democratic institutions and political parties. Little progress has been made on security, democracy or economic recovery. He says fresh elections, the establishment of a national dialogue to build consensus and the drafting of a new constitution should all take place before the end of this year with the continuing help of international partners like UNSMIL, the EU, the G8 and the P3+3 countries.
The ECFR policy paper outlines five key steps Europe should take:
- Sustain the political and justice infrastructure by assisting the judiciary, civil society and the media as well as elections and a constitutional referendum.
- Support local government in providing urban services and encourage central government devolution of these responsibilities.
- Help central government establish a politically neutral and professional gendarmerie alongside local power-sharing and security agreements.
- Ensure greater transparency in the management of oil revenues and the development of a post-oil Libyan economy.
- Improve the co-ordination of international support and intervention to react more rapidly to changing events in Libya.
To read the full policy paper, click here.
Mattia Toaldo, European Council for Foreign Affairs.
This article was originally published here.