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Libya: Complex Emergency DREF Operation Operations nº MDRLY001; Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA)

A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster The security situation in Libya has been highly volatile since May and, combined with the political instability related to the transition in the country, is now deteriorating. The increase of the security incidents has caused hundreds to be killed and wounded across a number of communities across the country, particularly around Benghazi and Tripoli.

The Libyan Ministry of Health (MOH) has announced that 214 have been killed and more than 900 wounded in recent clashes in July and August. However, sources including Libyan Red Crescent Society (LRCS) estimate that more than 600 people have been killed. People living in the areas directly affected by the fighting in Benghazi and Tripoli are trying to move to safer areas, while others remain trapped. LRCS staff and volunteers are risking their lives to help evacuate those trapped, who had been locked until fighting calmed down. The MOH has warned of a possible collapse of the health system should the situation continue. This came after the announcement of the evacuation of thousands of Philippine workers from Libya, 3,000 of which work in the health system.

More than 10,000 Libyan families have been displaced from their homes in the conflict areas, and have dispersed in different directions, including into the neighbouring country of Tunisia. Libyan people tend to have enough food reserves at home; however, since the strategic warehouses (both public and private) are situated in conflict areas, this has had a negative impact on shortages in the food supply chain. In addition, fuel shortages are aggravating the situation. If this situation continues, it may put at least 2,000,000 people at risk of acute food shortages.

Medical supplies are also at risk, as most of the warehouses for medical supplies are also in the conflict areas and affecting private pharmacies. To assist this situation, LRCS and ICRC are facilitating the delivery of medical supplies to hospitals; however, the LRCS branches in Zawia, Khoms, Eljmail and Zwara have reported difficulties in accessing and transporting medicines and medical supplies for chronic diseases and for nursing mothers.

People in Benghazi and Tripoli specifically, and in other cities in general, have been facing regular electricity cuts, plus interruptions to the internet and wider communications. In Tripoli, fuel shortages and water cuts have affected the livelihoods of people, although the authorities in Tripoli have stated that the water supply will resume shortly. In Tripoli, the oil storage tank has been frequently hit by rocket attacks, jeopardizing the life of civilians living nearby and leading to a possible environmental disaster. Such attacks have further pushed people to move away from the conflict areas and the city, leading to thousands of displaced families leaving the city.

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International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies

This article was originally published here.

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