Over the past two weeks, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Libya, Bernardino Leon, held consultations with a number of Libyan actors from across the country including parliamentarians, political leaders and various civil society personalities. These discussions confirmed that there is a general consensus that the only solution to the current crisis in Libya is through the convening of a political dialogue that leads to an agreement on the institutional framework for and a sound consensus on, the modalities for the continuation of the democratic transition process.
This dialogue would be based on the legitimacy of the elected institutions, respect for the Constitutional Declaration, inclusiveness, respect for Human Rights and international law, and a clear rejection of terrorism.
In light of this, the United Nations will shortly propose that delegations representing the different parties in the Libyan conflict, meet next Monday, 29 September, for an initial round of dialogue.
To begin with, discussions will focus on the following agenda:
- Conclusion of a framework agreement on the rules of procedure of the House of Representatives (HoR) as well as an agreement on the critical issues relating to the governance of the country. Such key issues would require a qualified majority of 2/3 of the HoR membership to allow for decisions. All decisions of the HoR will be subject to the agreed upon rules of procedure.
- Agreement on the date, venue and ceremonial for a handover ceremony from the previous General National Congress to the current HoR.
Agreement on these points will allow for future discussions on the critical issues of governance and the political transition and full normalisation of institutions and the country.
In parallel, the United Nations will start talks with the parties to address a number of confidence building measures and security arrangements that will create the necessary conditions for peace and trust to prevail in Libya. As a prerequisite, all Libyans must comply with Resolution 2174 (2014), and in particular its call for an immediate and permanent ceasefire. To this effect, a joint committee will be created by the Libyans and the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) to supervise the ceasefire. Other measures include agreeing on a timeline for the withdrawal of armed groups from the main cities, airports and other public installations all over the country.
Furthermore, all parties will support humanitarian relief and the joint ceasefire committee will also address cooperation and support in this area.
The solution to this crisis must come from the Libyans with the UN playing a facilitation role. Finally, Parties will negotiate under the principle that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed.
United Nations Support Mission in Libya
This article was originally published here.