The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) documented 40 civilian casualties –18 deaths and 22 injuries – during the conduct of hostilities across Libya From 1 September to 31 September 2018.
Victims included 14 men and four boys killed, and nine men, five women, one boy and one girl injured. The sex of six other injured individuals could not be determined. The actual number of civilian casualties is believed to be higher. UNSMIL continues to seek to confirm additional civilian casualties in the course of ongoing hostilities in Tripoli.
The majority of civilian casualties were caused by shelling (eight killed and 16 injured), followed by gunfire (eight killed) and explosive remnants of war (ERW, one killed). The exact cause of one death and six other injuries was not determined.
UNSMIL documented civilian casualties in Tripoli (16 killed and 22 injured), Benghazi (one killed) and Warshafana (one killed). Another 57 fighters died during the Tripoli fighting, while the civilian status of a further 12 fatalities could not be ascertained.
UNSMIL documented seven additional casualties from other possible violations of international humanitarian law and violations or abuses of international human rights law in Derna, Benghazi, Sabha and al-Zawiya.