The confidential report, revealed by AFP earlier this week, appeared to confirm earlier reports by The New Arab‘s Arabic service accusing Sudanese General Mohammad Hamdan Dagalo of supplying the Libyan warlord with militiamen.
Dagalo, better known by his nickname Himedti, is the commander of Sudan’s paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and a member of the country’s transitional sovereign council.
The confidential UN report, compiled by a panel of experts over a year, found that Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Turkey had regularly violated a UN arms embargo imposed on Libya in 2011.
While Ankara did so by allegedly supplying military equipment ranging from armoured vehicles to drones to the UN-recognised government of Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, Abu Dhabi and Amman are accused of violating the embargo in support of Haftar, a warlord regularly accused of rights violations who launched an offensive in April in a bid to seize Tripoli.
Delivered to the UN Security Council in late October, the report also alleged the presence of Chadian and Sudanese foreign fighters in the country.
According to the report, a thousand RSF troops were sent to the eastern city of Benghazi in July in order to protect oil infrastructure there while the main bulk of Haftar’s forces continued their assault on Tripoli in the country’s west.
Sudanese Armed Forces spokesman Brigadier General Aamer Mohamed al-Hasan rejected the claims on Saturday.
Speaking to Tiba TV, he called the claims “false rumours” and stated that the RSF works according to international and UN conventions.
“The Sudanese army is not a security company that can be rented out as claimed in this report,” Hasan said.
“These claims are part of a systematic maliciousness aimed against the Sudanese national institutions.”
Himedti’s RSF paramilitaries are also present in Yemen, where they fight against the Houthi rebels as part of the Saudi-led coalition.
The paramilitary group has been accused by rights groups of taking large sums from Saudi Arabia to recruit poor young men – and even children – from Sudan’s deprived Darfur region and neighbouring country Chad to serve in Yemen.
The RSF is an officialised offshoot of the Janjaweed militias, infamous for their role in the devastating Darfur conflict.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has accused the regime of former President Omar al-Bashir, ousted earlier this year after months of popular protests, of recruiting, funding and organising the Janjaweed, which are widely accused of carrying out genocide, mass rape and other war crimes.
Under Himedti, the RSF has served as a border force designed to stop African migrants crossing the desert into Libya and Egypt and a counter-insurgency force battling with rebels in the country’s South Kordofan and Blue Nile conflict zones.
There the paramilitary force has been accused of human rights violations against civilians.
The paramilitary group is accused of primary responsibility in the brutal June 3 massacre of more than 100 protesters at a Khartoum sit-in.