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Back to business: Tunisia-Libya border reopening sparks hope for locals dependent on smugglers

Tunisian traders are back to business in the southeastern town of Ben Guerdane, following the reopening of the Ras Jedir border crossing between Tunisia and Libya on September 1.

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The Tebu: the little-known community at the heart of Libya’s people smuggling trade

If you’re a migrant who has made your way into Libya, chances are you’ve met a Tebu. Nearly all the smugglers plying the busiest migration route from Agadez in Niger to the outskirts of the Libyan people smuggling hub of Sebha belong to this indigenous Saharan ethnic group, which since …

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At Libya’s unchecked southern borders, a key to easing the migration crisis

As the EU sets new policies and makes deals with African nations to deter hundreds of thousands of migrants from seeking new lives on the continent, what does it mean for those following dreams northwards and the countries they transit through? From returnees in Sierra Leone and refugees resettled in …

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The Tunisian-Libyan Border: Security Aspirations and Socioeconomic Realities

The Tunisian-Libyan border has long been a thoroughfare for the illicit movement of material and people. To bolster efforts to secure the border, the U.S. Department of Defense is spending nearly $20 million on advanced, high-tech sensors and cameras, drawing from a joint fund it created with Germany in September …

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The Risks of Hardened Borders in North Africa

Over the past several years, North African countries have worked to heavily fortify their borders. A 200-kilometer (125-mile) trench, completed in February 2016, runs along the Tunisian–Libyan border. Twelve hundred kilometers (746 miles) to the west, two new walls mark the border between Morocco and Algeria. These barriers are symptom …

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Libya, Niger, Sudan and Chad agree to create joint operation centre to strengthen border security

The Ministerial Meeting on strengthening cooperation in the area of security and control of the Libya-Niger-Sudan-Chad border was launched in Khartoum on Thursday to ratify and adopt the final report of the meetings of the Committee in charge of this dossier from the four countries concerned.

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