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Migration from Libya down but threat of torture, death remains

Despite the European Union and Libya cutting a deal last February to prevent people from making the perilous journey to Europe, over 3,000 migrants and refugees perished at sea in 2017. A year later, Libya holds thousands of migrants captive under terrible conditions while others still die at sea, according to an Oxfam report published …

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Can Cairo talks succeed in uniting Libya’s divided armed forces?

The Egyptian initiative to unite the Libyan military is almost complete after several meetings were held between Libyan military officials who split up following the outbreak of the revolution in February 2011 and the death of Moammar Gadhafi. The initiative aims at laying out the structure of the Libyan unified army. …

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Timeline: How Libya’s Revolution Came Undone

An unusual protest erupted in Libya’s eastern city of Benghazi on February 15, 2011. Enraged by the arrest of a human rights activist, protestors clashed with police and supporters of Libya’s longtime ruler, Moammar Gadhafi, who responded with brute force. Two days later, activists called for a “day of rage.”

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Russia: Is Syria’s Fate Libya’s Future?

On February 17th, Libyans will celebrate the anniversary of a revolt that ultimately toppled and killed Muammar Qaddafi, ending his forty-two-year oppressive rule. This anniversary and others in the region are regrettable reminders of how the expectations in the immediate aftermath of the Arab Spring compare to the reality on …

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Flawed Diplomacy in Libya

Since 2014, many actors have tried to mediate a negotiated solution to the Libyan crisis but have failed. The nexus of this conflict is the split between eastern and western Libya, which was set in motion by the events of May 2014 when General Khalifa Haftar appointed himself the leader …

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Libya’s Falling Strongman

The situation on the ground in Libya is fluid and complex. Militias in the West and South police their own local communities but few have regional control. The only exception is in eastern Libya under the leadership of strongman General Khalifa Haftar and his self-declared Libyan National Army (LNA). In …

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How to Hold Elections in Libya

Since 2011, Libya’s path to democracy has been unclear. The United Nations’ (UN) inability to bring warring factions to the negotiating table has left the country in chaos. While negotiations have failed, the UN is pushing to hold elections in 2018. Given the chaos in the country, however, will the …

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As Trump Wavers on Libya, an ISIS Haven, Russia Presses On

In openly courting General Haftar, the Kremlin was testing one of the incoming American president’s guiding foreign policy assumptions — that he could work with Mr. Putin to tackle thorny issues in the Muslim world — and instead sent a signal to the world that Russia would continue to pursue …

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Khalifa Haftar’s war on opponents gets religious boost from radical Salafists

Warlord Khalifa Haftar is doing whatever it takes to have control of more territories in the country. His militants have been besieging Derna for more than a year, cutting food, fuel and medical supplies. They use all kinds of weapons to shell the city as they try to advance closer …

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